Biodiversity Heritage Site

Biodiversity Heritage Sites (BHS) are unique ecosystems having rich biodiversity comprising of any one or more of the following components:

  1. richness of wild as well as domesticated species or intra-specific categories,
  2. high endemism,
  3. presence of rare and threatened species, keystone species, species of evolutionary significance,
  4. wild ancestors of domestic/cultivated species or their varieties,
  5. past pre-eminence of biological components represented by fossil beds and having significant cultural, ethical or aesthetic values and are important for the maintenance of cultural diversity, with or without a long history of human association with them.



Under Section- 37 of Biological Diversity Act, 2002 and Rule 24(1) of the Assam Biodiversity Rules 2010, the State Government upon recommendation of the Assam State Biodiversity Board from time to time may notify in Official Gazatte areas of biodiversity importance as Biodiversity Heritage Sites (BHS). At present ‘Majuli’ has been notified by the State Government as the first Biodiversity Heritage Site of Assam on 26th May 2017.

Majuli Biodiversity Heritage Site:

The site covers an area of 875 sq. km. Majuli is perhaps the second largest river island in the world, and comprises of a large riverine island with innumerable small islets, locally called chapories. The main island is surrounded by more than twenty chapories. Majuli with its fertile floodplains and highly productive wetlands forms identical habitat for a variety of birds and animals. Majuli also produces about a hundred different varieties of rice. Among the fascinating arrays grown is Komal Saul, Bao Dhan and Bora Saul. Apart from these, Majuli river Island is unique for its cultural diversity also. This is the place where the 15th century saint and fountain head of Assamese culture, Sankardeva, first established a Satra or Neo-Vaishnavite monastery, born of insightful discourses with his spiritual successor, Madhabdeva. Today, Majuli is the principal seat of Vaishnavite faith, culture and practice. The treasures of Majuli are undoubtedly it's Satras.

Geographical Location: 26°57'59"N 94°10'26"E (Central Point Location)

Responsible BMCs: Ujani Majuli AP BMC & Majuli AP BMC