According to the 2001 census, Assam‘s 26.64 million people account for 2.59% of the country‘s population with its population
density being marginally higher than the average density of the country (Assam Human Development Report, 2003). In most of
the decades during the 20th century, the population of the state was well above the national average, and this has been
attributed to large scale migration. But, this trend seemed to have reversed in the last decade with a decline in the decadal
variation as opposed to that of the country (Assam Human Development Report, 2003). Migration, still poses as a disturbing
and alarming situation in the state with its continuation even in normal time (Economic Survey 6 of India, 2009-10). There
had been adverse sex ratio disparities in Assam at the beginning of the 20th century, while, during the recent decades this
trend has been improving with 932 females for every 1000 males compared to 933 to 1000 in the country.