An Autonomous Statutory Body of Environment & Forest Department,
Government of Assam
Tradable bio resource
Assam, a state in northeastern India, is known for its rich biodiversity and abundant bioresources. Several bioresources from Assam are tradable for various purposes. Here are some of the notable tradable bioresources of Assam:
1. Tea (Camellia sinensis):
Assam is renowned for its tea production. The state is one of the largest tea producers globally, famous for its strong, malty tea. Assam tea is a significant tradable commodity in the international market.
2. Silk (Muga, Eri, and Pat):
Assam is known for three types of indigenous silk: Muga, Eri, and Pat silk. Muga silk, in particular, is exclusive to Assam and highly valued for its golden hue. These silks are tradable for their unique properties and applications in the textile industry.
3. Timber and Forest Products:
Assam's forests harbor valuable timber species such as sal, teak, oak, bamboo, and others. Timber and forest products from Assam are traded for construction, furniture, and various other purposes.
4. Bamboo Products:
Bamboo is abundant in Assam and is used for making a variety of products, including handicrafts, furniture, paper, and more. These bamboo products are traded both domestically and internationally.
4. Medicinal Plants and Herbs:
Assam is rich in medicinal plants and herbs with traditional medicinal uses. Several of these plants are traded for pharmaceutical and herbal medicine production.
6. Orchids and Horticultural Products:
Assam is known for its diverse orchid species and horticultural products. Orchids, flowers, and ornamental plants are traded in domestic and international markets for landscaping and decorative purposes.
7. Aromatic Plants:
Assam is home to various aromatic plants such as lemongrass, citronella, and patchouli, which are used in the production of essential oils and fragrances. These aromatic plants are tradable in the fragrance and cosmetic industries.
8. Fish and Aquatic Resources:
Assam's rivers and water bodies support a variety of fish species. The fish and aquatic resources of Assam are tradable in local markets as well as exported to other regions.
9. Rice Varieties:
Assam is known for its diverse rice varieties, some of which have unique traits and flavors. Certain varieties of rice from Assam are tradable for culinary purposes and research.

Efforts are made by various stakeholders, including the government and conservation organizations, to ensure sustainable trade practices, conservation of biodiversity, and fair benefit sharing from the trade of these bioresources in Assam.